The Most Hated Man In The World pt. 1

Through out time across cultures there is one who enacts fear in the hearts of many. His motive is well known and his deeds are many. This man to some is a savior but to others a monster,his story is a tale to all about one’s ego. However should he truly be met with so much disdain? He is the fallen angel, the snake who tempted the mother of mankind, this man is Lucifer.

Lucifer otherwise known as Satan is the most hated man in the world and regardless of whether you’re a christian or not everyone knows that Lucifer is the ultimate evil. Lucifer’s story has become a way to warn others about the sin of pride which is considered the deadliest sin of all. Let’s take a look at Lucifer in all his anti-holy glory.

Lucifer the name itself is the King James Version rendering of the Hebrew word הֵילֵל in Isaiah 14:12. This word, transliterated hêlêl or heylel which  occurs only once in the Hebrew Bible and means “shining one or morning star”. The word Lucifer is taken from the Latin Vulgate, which translates הֵילֵל as lucifer, meaning “the morning star, the planet Venus”, or, as an adjective, “light-bringing”. The Septuagint renders הֵילֵל in Greek as ἑωσφόρος (heōsphoros), a name, literally “bringer of dawn”, for the morning star.

In later Christian tradition the name began to be used as a proper name for the Devil; as he was before his fall. As a result, “‘Lucifer’ has become a by-word for Satan/the Devil in the Church and in popular literature”, as in Dante Alighieri’s Inferno and John Milton’s Paradise Lost. In the bible where Lucifer is mention to some scholars, it is  believed that Lucifer is actually referring  to a Babylion king based on this passage from  Isaiah 14:12.

On the day the Lord gives you relief from your suffering and turmoil and from the harsh labour forced on you, you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: How the oppressor has come to an end! How his fury has ended!”

“How you have fallen from heaven, morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’ But you are brought down to the realm of the dead, to the depths of the pit. Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: ‘Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, the man who made the world a wilderness, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home?'”

There are many suggestions on which  king Isaiah is referring too. Now in the mythology of the Canaanites there is a god known as Attar, who is known also as the morning star. He  attempted to occupy the throne of Ba’al  but finding he was unable to do so, descended and ruled the underworld. The original myth may have been about a lesser god Helel trying to dethrone the Canaanite high god El who lived on a mountain to the north. There is also similarities in the stories of Ishtar and Innana.

Besides Isaiah 14:12, Lucifer is mention but not in terms of a fallen angel.

2 Peter 1:19 (meaning “morning star”)

Job 11:17 (“the light of the morning”),
Job 38:32 (“the signs of the zodiac”)

Psalms 110:3 (“the dawn”).

Sirach 50:6 (referring to the actual morning star)

Revelation 2:28 (of uncertain reference)

22:16 (referring to Jesus).

Indications that in Christian tradition the Latin word Lucifer, unlike the English word, did not necessarily call a fallen angel to mind exist also outside the text of the Vulgate. Two bishops bore that name: Saint Lucifer of Cagliari, and Lucifer of Siena. Also used in Latin, the word is applied to John the Baptist and is used as a title of Christ himself in several early Christian hymns such Lucis largitor splendide, Aeterne rerum conditor, and in the medieval hymn Christe qui lux es et dies.

The Latin word lucifer is also used of Christ in the Easter Proclamation prayer to God regarding the paschal candle: Flammas eius lucifer matutinus inveniat: ille, inquam, lucifer, qui nescit occasum. Christus Filius tuus, qui, regressus ab inferis, humano generi serenus illuxit, et vivit et regnat in saecula saeculorum (May this flame be found still burning by the Morning Star: the one Morning Star who never sets, Christ your Son, who, coming back from death’s domain, has shed his peaceful light on humanity, and lives and reigns for ever and ever)

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One thought on “The Most Hated Man In The World pt. 1

  1. […] my last post (click here) I discussed the meaning of the name Lucifer. So in this second part I will discuss Lucifer’s […]

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